Singapore is an island nation located just south of Malaysia. It was first settled in the second century by the Sumatran Srivijaya Empire. Then from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries, it was controlled by the Sultanate of Johor. In the early 19th century, the British arrived, turning Singapore into a major port trading port in Southeast Asia. Today, Singapore has one of the most advanced economies in Southeast Asia. It is a highly industrialized country with a strong financial sector. Singapore performs as a financial intermediary in shipping raw materials all over the world. Singapore is an exciting country to study.